Areas in Lancashire Designated or Identified as being of High Wildlife Value

Notes: the designating body as outlined below is responsible for providing guidance on designation and on enforcement of statutory legislation where such legislation exists.

Type of protection

Designating body

Associated

Statutory

Instrument

Notes

Non-statutory

Nature reserve

N/A

Country Park

Local authority

Countryside Act 1968.

Primarily intended for recreation and leisure opportunities close to population centres and do not necessarily have a nature conservation

interest.

Local Nature Reserve

Local authority

National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949.

Limestone pavements

Local authority or Secretary of State

Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981

Limestone Pavement Orders are created by the relevant government authority or Secretary of State and prohibit the removal or damage of limestone within a designated area

Wildlife Site

The Wildlife Trust for Lancashire, Manchester and North Merseyside. Lancashire County Council. English Nature.

Called Biological Heritage Sites in Lancashire

Type of protection

Designating body

Associated

Statutory

Instrument

Notes

NATIONAL

Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB)

Countryside Commission

National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949

Designated to conserve natural beauty, but account is taken of the need to safeguard agriculture, forestry and other rural industries, and the economic and social needs of the communities

National Nature Reserve

English Nature

National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949 Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981

Always at least part SSSI; contain examples of some of the most important natural and semi-natural ecosystems in Great Britain. They are managed to conserve their habitats, providing special opportunities for scientific study of the habitats, communities and species represented within them. Wherever possible, access by the public is encouraged

Sites of Special Scientific Interest

(SSSI)

English Nature

National Parks and

Access to the Countryside Act 1949 Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981

Notification required where country agency is of the opinion that an area of land is of special interest by reason of any of its flora, fauna or geological or physiographical features

Type of protection

Designating body

Associated

Statutory

Instrument

Notes

Countryside and Rights of Way Act, 2000

New right of access to open countryside. Improves the law on rights of way and the management of SSSIs and AONB and strengthens the enforcement of wildlife law.

Environmental Protection Act 1990

Created EN and the Joint Nature Conservation Committee

EUROPE

Special Area of Conservation (SAC)

Secretary of State

EC Habitats and Species Directive 1992 Conservation (Natural Habitats etc) Regulations 1994

Nearly always SSSI; SACs to protect habitats and (non-bird) species to complement SPAs in a suite of sites known as Natura 2000 sites

Special Protection

Area (SPA)

Secretary of State

EC Directive on the conservation of Wild Birds 1979

EC Habitats and Species Directive 1992 Conservation (Natural Habitats etc) Regulations 1994

Nearly always SSSI; established SPAs for birds and emphasised the need for wider countryside measures to protect habitats and species

GLOBAL

Ramsar site

Secretary of State

Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat (the Ramsar Convention) 1971

Amended version of the ‘Measures for Conservation’ table in The Future of Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs). The Royal Society, 2001.

 

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